Linear-Time Thermal Simulation of As-Manufactured Fused Deposition Modeling Components

TitleLinear-Time Thermal Simulation of As-Manufactured Fused Deposition Modeling Components
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsZhang, Y., & Shapiro V.
Published inJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering
Date Published04/2018
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers

Like many other additive manufacturing (AM) processes, fused deposition modeling (FDM) process is driven by a moving heat source, and temperature history plays an important role in determining the mechanical properties and geometry of the final parts. Thermal simulation of FDM is challenging due to geometric complexity of manufacturing process and inherent computational complexity which requires numerical solution at every time increment of the process. We describe a new approach to thermal simulation of the FDM process, formulated as an explicit finite difference method that is applied directly on as-manufactured model described by a typical manufacturing process plan. The thermal model accounts for most relevant thermal effects including heat convection and radiation to the environment, heat conduction with build platform and between adjacent roads (and adjacent layers). We show that the proposed simulation method achieves linear time complexity both theoretically and numerically. This implies that the simulation not only scales to handle three-dimensional (3D) printed components of arbitrary complexity but also can achieve real-time performance. The approach is fully implemented, validated against known analytic solutions, and is tested on realistic complex shapes.