Complexity Theoretic Issues Concerning Block Ciphers Related to D.E.S.

TitleComplexity Theoretic Issues Concerning Block Ciphers Related to D.E.S.
Publication TypeTechnical Report
Year of Publication1990
AuthorsCleve, R.
Other Numbers591

The D.E.S. cipher is naturally viewed as a composition of sixteen invertible transformations on 64-bit strings (where the transformations depend of the value of a 56-bit key). Each of the transformations has a special form and satisfies the particular property that each of its output bits is determined by a "small" number of its input bits. We investigate the computational power of block ciphers on n-bit strings that can be expressed as polynomial-length (with respect to n) compositions of invertible transformations that have a form similar to those of D.E.S. In particular, we require that the basic transformations have the property that each of their output bits depends on the value of a small number of their input bits (where "small" is somewhere in the range between O(1) and O(log n)). We present some sufficient conditions for ciphers of this type to be "pseudorandom function generators" and, thus, to yield private key cryptosystems that are secure against adaptive chosen plaintext attacks.

Bibliographic Notes

ICSI Technical Report TR-90-027

Abbreviated Authors

R. Cleve

ICSI Publication Type

Technical Report