A 60GHz LOS MIMO Backhaul Design Combining Spatial Multiplexing and Beamforming for a 100Gbps Throughput

TitleA 60GHz LOS MIMO Backhaul Design Combining Spatial Multiplexing and Beamforming for a 100Gbps Throughput
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSong, X., Jans C., Landau L., Cvetkovski D., & Fettweis G.
Published in2015 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM)
Date Published12/2015
Keywordsantenna arrays, antenna radiation patterns, array signal processing, beamforming gain, bit rate 100 Gbit/s, deterministic spherical wave channel model, frequency 60 GHz, hierarchical MIMO system, LOS channel, LOS MIMO backhaul design, macrocell backhaul links, MIMO, MIMO communication, Multiplexing, orthogonal phase relations, oxygen absorption, radiation patterns, radio links, reasonable antenna sizes, space division multiplexing, spatial beamforming, spatial multiplexing gain, Transceivers, wireless channels, Wireless communication

In this work, a two-level hierarchical MIMO system is proposed to combine the spatial multiplexing gain and beamforming gain in a strong LOS channel. The superior is a MIMO system that consists of specially arranged sub-arrays to fully exploit the spatial multiplexing gain in deterministic channels. Additionally, a deterministic spherical-wave channel model is introduced. This channel model includes the radiation patterns of the sub-arrays, orthogonal phase relations introduced by the specific sub-array arrangement and the path loss considering deployment in practical scenarios. The attenuation includes the free space path loss, the oxygen absorption, the rain attenuation in bad weather and the front-end loss. The regulations for the maximum radiated power and the available bandwidth at 60 GHz were also investigated. Furthermore, the maximum transmission rate and upper bound of the energy efficiency are modeled and calculated for the proposed system operating at 60 GHz compliant to those regulations, as well for a constraint of the maximum available transmit power on-board. The result shows that the proposed system architecture is promising to achieve over 100 Gbps for macro-cell backhaul links with reasonable antenna sizes and high energy efficiency.

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