Frame Metonymy and Null Instantiation of Frame Elements: Insights from Embodied Construction Grammar

TitleFrame Metonymy and Null Instantiation of Frame Elements: Insights from Embodied Construction Grammar
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDavid, O.
Other Numbers3787
Abstract

tarting with Fillmore (1986) and Lambrecht and Lemoine (2005), among others, we know thatnull frame elements, such as the competition role in the English sentence (1)I won ØCompetition!are subject to semantic, grammatical and information-structuring constraints. In this case, thecompetition role is understood as Definite Null Instantiated (DNI), i.e., as obligatorily retrievablefrom context. In contrast, for a verb such aseat, one can get an indefinite NI (INI), e.g., (2)Whowas eating Ø in here?. That is, one need not know the thing eaten, whose referent is unspecified.This renewed focus on the role of conceptual frames in NI was put forth in Ruppenhofer (2004)and Ruppenhofer and Michaelis (2009), and we build on those insights.Specifically, we analyse a subset of NI contexts, arguing that a morefine-grained internalarchitecture of frame elements is key to understanding DNI. To provide this internal frameelement complexity, we look to Embodied Construction Grammar (ECG) (Bergen and Cheng2005, Dodge 2010), in which frames are structured in complex multi-dimensional inheritancelattices, where roles are bound across frames, and theyare typed as entities orcomplex processes.We argue that, when DNI occurs such as in thewinexample above, this is due to thecomplex internal structure of the Winning_competition frame, which has as one of its core rolesa competition role. The latter role differs from thething_eaten role of the Ingestion frame for (2)the competition role has internal frame structure inand of itself and is of type complex process,while the thing_eaten role is of type entity, andhas no internal frame structure of its own. Beinga complex process, the competition role is itselfcomposed of a set of roles and inferences. Anasymmetry in NI-licensing occurs when the sameverb takes an argument instantiating a core roleof type complex process (the a sentences) vs. acore role of type entity (the b sentences): ...

URLhttps://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/pubs/ai/framemetonymy14.pdf
Bibliographic Notes

Presented at the 12th Conceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language Conference (CSDL 2014), Santa Barbara, California

Abbreviated Authors

O. David

ICSI Research Group

AI

ICSI Publication Type

Talk or presentation